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Geographic Terms

Social studies topics

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Geographic Terms

Post Number: #1  Postby Jessica » July 4th, 2011, 7:59 pm

Geography Glossary

Altitude: the height of an area, measured from sea level.

Antarctic Circle: an imaginary circle at latitude 66°30' S, around the south pole.

Analemma: a figure-8-shaped diagram that shows the declination of the sun (the angle that the sun is from the equator), for each day in the year. If you took a snapshot of the sun at the same time each day (from the same location), the Sun would make a figure shaped like an analemma during the course of a year (this is because the Earth is tilted on its axis and because it doesn't orbit the Sun in a perfect circle).
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Antipodes: pair of points that are on opposite sides of a planet (like the North Pole and the South Pole).

Archipelago: a group or chain of islands clustered together in a sea or ocean.
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Arctic Circle: an imaginary circle at latitude 66°30' N, around the north pole.

Atoll: a ring (or partial ring) of coral that forms an island in an ocean or sea.
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Azimuth: the angle that a line makes with a meridian (a line of longitude), going clockwise from north.

Bay: a body of water that is partly enclosed by land (and is usually smaller than a gulf).
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Butte: a flat-topped rock or hill formation with steep sides.
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Canyon: a deep valley with very steep sides - often carved from the Earth by a river.
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Cape: a pointed piece of land that sticks out into a sea, ocean, lake, or river.
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Cartography: the study and the construction of maps.
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Cave: a large hole in the ground or in the side of a hill or mountain
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Channel: a narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water (like the English Channel). A channel is also a part of a river or harbor that is deep enough to let ships sail through.

Cliff: a steep face of rock and soil.
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Conic Projection: a type of map in which a cone is wrapped around a sphere (the globe), and the details of the globe are projected onto the conic surface. Then, the cone is unwrapped into a flat surface.
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Continent: The land mass on Earth is divided into continents. The seven current continents are Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America
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Cove: a small, horseshoe-shaped body of water along the coast; the water is surrounded by land formed of soft rock.
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Desert: a very dry area.
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Re: Geographic Terms

Post Number: #2  Postby Jessica » August 5th, 2011, 11:10 am

Estuary: where a river meets the sea or ocean.
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Fjord: a long, narrow sea inlet that is bordered by steep cliffs.
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Geyser: a natural hot spring that occasionally sprays water and steam above the ground.
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Re: Geographic Terms

Post Number: #3  Postby Giorgios » September 5th, 2011, 11:25 pm

Very Helpful! :-)
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Re: Geographic Terms

Post Number: #4  Postby James » October 24th, 2011, 6:55 am

Very nice!
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Re: Geographic Terms

Post Number: #5  Postby Jessica » October 24th, 2011, 7:24 am

thanks...
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